An Overview of Types of Fasteners and their Applications in CNC Machining--cncmass.com(bending stainless steel Marshall)
- source:BREDA CNC Machining
Fasteners play a crucial role in the field of CNC machining, ensuring that components are securely held together. They come in various types, each tailored to specific applications and materials. In this article, we will explore the different types of fasteners commonly used in CNC machining.
Bolts are one of the most common types of fasteners used in CNC machining. They consist of a threaded body and a head, allowing for easy installation and removal using tools such as wrenches or screwdrivers. Bolts provide excellent clamping force and can withstand high loads, making them ideal for heavy-duty applications. Depending on the requirement, different bolt heads are available, including hexagonal, Allen key, square, or countersunk.
Screws are versatile fasteners used for joining two or more components together or fixing an object onto a surface. They differ from bolts mainly due to their external thread, which engages with matching internal threads created in the workpiece or component being assembled. Common types include wood screws, machine screws, self-tapping screws, and set screws. Self-tapping screws are particularly useful when working on soft materials like plastic or aluminum.
Nuts are paired with bolts or screws to create a secure joint. These small but essential fasteners often have threaded holes internally to accommodate the corresponding bolt's thread. Variations include hex nuts, wing nuts, locknuts, and more. Hex nuts are widely used in CNC machining due to their ease of handling and compatibility with standard tools.
Washers serve multiple purposes in CNC machining – they distribute the load across a larger area, protect the mating surfaces from damage, prevent loosening due to vibration, and improve torque control during assembly. Flat washers, spring washers, and lock washers are commonly used in CNC machining applications. Flat washers evenly distribute the load, while spring and lock washers provide vibration resistance by creating tension between components.
Rivets are permanent fasteners used when welding or other methods aren't feasible. They consist of a cylindrical shaft with a head at one end that expands when struck to secure objects together. In CNC machining, rivets find extensive use in industries such as aerospace, automotive, and maritime. Due to their high strength and reliability, they are often preferred for joining structures subjected to heavy loads and vibrations.
Inserts serve as reinforcement elements when working with delicate or thin-walled materials in CNC machining. These cylindrical devices are inserted into pre-drilled holes and create threaded areas within the material, allowing screws or bolts to be securely fastened. Common types include helical inserts (such as wire thread inserts) and key-locking inserts, which provide added strength and durability to weak or damaged threads.
Fasteners play a critical role in CNC machining, ensuring precision, stability, and durability in assembled parts and components. From bolts and screws to nuts, washers, rivets, and inserts, each type serves a specific purpose based on the application's requirements. Understanding these fastener options empowers engineers and manufacturers to make informed decisions during CNC machining processes, resulting in high-quality and reliable products across various industries. CNC Milling CNC Machining